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Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals

The magazine has been published since 2000

ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print); ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)

 

Productivity of millet sowing (Panicum miliaceum) of various ecological and geographical origin in the condition of Akmola region

Authors: E. N. Dyusibayeva, A. B. Rysbekova, I. A. Zhirnova, A. E. Zhakenova, A. I. Seitkhozhayev

Kazakh Agro-Technical University named after S. Seifullin, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract. Relevance of research. Creation of high productive and tolerant to adverse environmental factors varieties is one of the most important tasks of plant breeding. The high yield is ensured by the development of the basic elements of the plant's crop structure. To increase the efficiency of breeding work, the study of the initial material is of great importance. The purpose of the study is the study of economically valuable traits of proso millet of various ecological and geographical origin in the condition of dry steppe zone of Northern Kazakhstan. Materials and research methods. Phenological observations and field assessments were carried out on crops according to the field experiment methodology. The research material was varieties and samples of millet of various origin. Results. At the result of the structural analysis for 2018–2019 the number of varieties and samples of proso millet were selected as on separate economically valuable traits: varieties Shortandinskoe 7, Shortandinskoe 10, Shortandinskoe 11, Pavlodarskoe, Pavlodarskoe 4, Yarkoe 5, Yarkoe 6, Yarkoe 7, Pamyati Bersieva, Kormovoe 89, Barnaulskoe Kormovoe, Kormovoe proso, Ural'skoe 109, Aktybinskoe kormovoe, Kokchetavskoe 66, Abakanskoe kormovoe; samples: K-3742, K-5786, K-3137, and their complex traits: Omskoe 11, Pavlodarskoe, Barnaulskoe kormovoe, Ural'skoe 109. Stable yield in contrasting weather conditions by years was observed in varieties Omskoe 11 and Ural'skoe 109. Scientific novelty. In the dry-steppe zone of the Akmola region in contrasting weather conditions, the most valuable samples with maximum productivity were identified. Direct relationship has been established between the mass of 1000 seeds in panicles and the average yield of proso millet varieties and samples. Selected genotypes are of the greatest interest
for using them in breeding programs for high productivity.

Keywords: proso millet, collection, structural analysis, selection, economically valuable traits, productivity, high yield. 

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For citation: Dyusibayeva E. N., Rysbekova A. B., Zhirnova I. A., Zhakenova A. E., Seitkhozhayev A. I. Produktivnost’ prosa posevnogo (Panicum miliaceum) razlichnogo ekologo-geograficheskogo proiskhozhdeniya v usloviyakh Akmolinskoy oblasti [Productivity of proso millet (Panicum miliaceum) of various ecological and geographical origin in the condition of Akmola region] // Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals. 2020. No. 04 (195). Pp. 20‒28. DOI: 10.32417/1997-4868-2020-195-4-20-28. (In Russian.)

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