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Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals

The magazine has been published since 2000

ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print); ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)

 

Preservation and study of genetic resources of grapes on the ampelographic collection of the Anapa zonal experimental station of viticulture and winemaking

Authors: I. V. Gorbunov, A. A. Lukyanova

Anapa zonal experimental station of viticulture and winemaking – the branch of the North Caucasus Federal scientific center of horticulture, viticulture, winemaking, Anapa, Russia E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract. The purpose of the research, the results of which are reflected in this article, is to preserve, replenish and study the genetic resources of grapes at the Anapa zonal experimental station of viticulture and winemaking (AZESViW). Novelty. Anapa ampelographic collection, consisting of 4941 genotypes, in 2019 was supplemented with ten varieties (grafted culture): Viktor 2 (Simpatiya), Vion’e, Zarya Nesvyataya, Karmener, Marselo, Romeo, Rusbol muskatnyy, Sirius AZOS, Furshetnyy, Yubiley Khersonskogo dachnika. First identified 5 sources of breeding valuable traits: 2 source of large berries – table grapes Ryukho i Strashenskiy, 1 source of phylloxera resistance – universal grade Ananasnyy, 1 – high sugar content – a technical grade of Bastardo and 1 – ultra-early ripening – table grape Olimpiada. Methods. These varieties, as well as all those growing in the collection, are subject to comprehensive research every year using traditional and modern methods of study, including agrobiological accounting, testing, identification, phenology, crop accounting, growth, and so on. Results. According to the results of scientific research last year, a number of features of the reaction of the studied grape varieties of different ecological and geographical groups and maturation periods to atypical conditions of the growing season in 2019 were revealed. In addition, among the studied varieties, one source was allocated for phylloxerostability: Pineapple grape variety; two sources were allocated for large-yield-table varieties Ryuho (Ryuho) and Strashenskiy; one source for high sugar accumulation – technical variety Bastardo and one source for early maturation-table variety Olympiada. Practical significance. These sources of economically valuable breeding characteristics are necessary for the creation of new varieties, clones and hybrids of grapes that
increase the stability of agrocenosis and stability of fruiting, the introduction of which in production can increase the profitability of growing grapes by increasing the quantitative and qualitative indicators of the crop.

Keywords: grape, collection, genetic resources, cultivar, phenology, agric and biological surveys, sources of breeding valuable traits.

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For citation: Sokhranenie i izuchenie geneticheskikh resursov vinograda na ampelograficheskoy kollektsii Anapskoy zonal’noy opytnoy stantsii vinogradarstva i vinodeliya [Preservation and study of genetic resources of grapes on the ampelographic collection of the Anapa zonal experimental station of viticulture and winemaking] // Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals. 2020. No. 04 (195). Pp. 47‒55. DOI: 10.32417/1997-4868-2020-195-4-47-55. (In Russian.)

 

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